Listen with intent: Improving speech recognition with audio-to-intent front-end
Comprehending the overall intent of an utterance helps a listener recognize the individual words spoken. Inspired by this fact, we perform a novel study of the impact of explicitly incorporating intent representations as additional information to improve a recurrent neural network-transducer (RNN-T) based automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. An audio-to-intent (A2I) model encodes the intent of the utterance in the form of embeddings or posteriors, and these are used as auxiliary inputs for RNN-T training and inference. Experimenting with a 50khour far-field English speech corpus, this study shows that when running the system in non-streaming mode, where intent representation is extracted from the entire utterance and then used to bias streaming RNN-T search from the start, it provides a 5.56% relative word error rate reduction (WERR). On the other hand, a streaming system using per-frame intent posteriors as extra inputs for the RNN-T ASR system yields a 3.33% relative WERR. A further detailed analysis of the streaming system indicates that our proposed method brings especially good gain on media-playing related intents (e.g. 9.12% relative WERR on PlayMusicIntent).