Dialogue meaning representation (DMR)
Dialogue meaning representation formulates natural language utterance semantics in their conversational context in an explicit and machine-readable form. Previous work typically follows the intent-slot framework, which is easy for annotation yet limited on scalability for complex linguistic expressions. A line of works alleviates the representation issue by introducing hierarchical structures but challenging to express complex compositional semantics, such as negation and coreference. We propose Dialogue Meaning Representation (DMR), a flexible and easily extendable representation for task-oriented dialogue. Our representation contains a set of nodes and edges with inheritance hierarchy to represent rich semantics for compositional semantics and task-specific concepts. We annotated DMR-FastFood, a multi-turn dialogue dataset with more than 70k utterances, with DMR. We propose two evaluation tasks to evaluate different dialogue models, and further propose a novel coreference resolution model GNNCoref for the graph-based coreference resolution task. Experiments show that DMR can be parsed well with pretrained Seq2Seq model, and GNNCoref outperforms the baseline models by a large margin.