A joint framework for audio tagging and weakly supervised acoustic event detection using DenseNet with global average pooling
This paper proposes a network architecture mainly designed for audio tagging, which can also be used for weakly supervised acoustic event detection (AED). The proposed network consists of a modified DenseNet as the feature extractor, and a global average pooling (GAP) layer to predict frame-level labels at inference time. This architecture is inspired by the work proposed by Zhou et al., a well-known framework using GAP to localize visual objects given image-level labels. While most of the previous works on weakly supervised AED used recurrent layers with attention-based mechanism to localize acoustic events, the proposed network directly localizes events using the feature map extracted by DenseNet without any recurrent layers. In the audio tagging task of DCASE 2017, our method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art method in F1 score by 5.3% on the dev set, and 6.0% on the eval set in terms of absolute values. For weakly supervised AED task in DCASE 2018, our model outperforms the state-of-the-art method in event-based F1 by 8.1% on the dev set, and 0.5% on the eval set in terms of absolute values, by using data augmentation and tri-training to leverage unlabeled data.