A quick guide to Amazon’s 50-plus ICASSP papers

Topics range from the predictable, such as speech recognition and signal processing, to time series forecasting and personalization.

Amazon researchers have more than 50 papers at this year’s International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP). A plurality of them are on automatic speech recognition and related topics, such as keyword spotting and speaker identification. But others range farther afield, to topics such as computer vision and federated learning.

ICASSP-2022-Header.png
This year's ICASSP includes a virtual component, from May 7 to 13, and an in-person component in Singapore, May 22 to 27.

Acoustic-event detection

Federated self-supervised learning for acoustic event classification
Meng Feng, Chieh-Chi Kao, Qingming Tang, Ming Sun, Viktor Rozgic, Spyros Matsoukas, Chao Wang

Improved representation learning for acoustic event classification using tree-structured ontology
Arman Zharmagambetov, Qingming Tang, Chieh-Chi Kao, Qin Zhang, Ming Sun, Viktor Rozgic, Jasha Droppo, Chao Wang

WikiTAG: Wikipedia-based knowledge embeddings towards improved acoustic event classification
Qin Zhang, Qingming Tang, Chieh-Chi Kao, Ming Sun, Yang Liu, Chao Wang

Automatic speech recognition

A likelihood ratio-based domain adaptation method for end-to-end models
Chhavi Choudhury, Ankur Gandhe, Xiaohan Ding, Ivan Bulyko

Being greedy does not hurt: Sampling strategies for end-to-end speech recognition
Jahn Heymann, Egor Lakomkin, Leif RādellJahn Heymann, Egor Lakomkin, Leif RādelJahn Heymann, Egor Lakomkin, Leif RādelJahn Heymann, Egor Lakomkin, Leif Rādel

Caching networks: Capitalizing on common speech for ASR
Anastasios Alexandridis, Grant P. Strimel, Ariya Rastrow, Pavel Kveton, Jon Webb, Maurizio Omologo, Siegfried Kunzmann, Athanasios Mouchtaris

Lattice attention.png
In "LATTENTION: Lattice attention in ASR rescoring", Amazon researchers show that applying an attention mechanism (colored grid) to a lattice encoding multiple automatic-speech-recognition (ASR) hypotheses improves ASR performance.

Contextual adapters for personalized speech recognition in neural transducers
Kanthashree Mysore Sathyendra, Thejaswi Muniyappa, Feng-Ju Chang, Jing Liu, Jinru Su, Grant P. Strimel, Athanasios Mouchtaris, Siegfried Kunzmann

LATTENTION: Lattice attention in ASR rescoring
Prabhat Pandey, Sergio Duarte Torres, Ali Orkan Bayer, Ankur Gandhe, Volker Leutnant

Listen, know and spell: Knowledge-infused subword modeling for improving ASR performance of out-of-vocabulary (OOV) named entities
Nilaksh Das, Monica Sunkara, Dhanush Bekal, Duen Horng Chau, Sravan Bodapati, Katrin Kirchhoff

KG ASR rescoring.png
In "Listen, know and spell: Knowledge-infused subword modeling for improving ASR performance of OOV named entities", Amazon researchers show how to improve automatic speech recognition by incorporating information from knowledge graphs into the processing pipeline.

Mitigating closed-model adversarial examples with Bayesian neural modeling for enhanced end-to-end speech recognition
Chao-Han Huck Yang, Zeeshan Ahmed, Yile Gu, Joseph Szurley, Roger Ren, Linda Liu, Andreas Stolcke, Ivan Bulyko

Multi-modal pre-training for automated speech recognition
David M. Chan, Shalini Ghosh, Debmalya Chakrabarty, Björn Hoffmeister

Multiturn encoder.png
The model used in "Multi-turn RNN-T for streaming recognition of multi-party speech" to disentangle overlapping speech in multi-party automatic speech recognition.

Multi-turn RNN-T for streaming recognition of multi-party speech
Ilya Sklyar, Anna Piunova, Xianrui Zheng, Yulan Liu

RescoreBERT: Discriminative speech recognition rescoring with BERT
Liyan Xu, Yile Gu, Jari Kolehmainen, Haidar Khan, Ankur Gandhe, Ariya Rastrow, Andreas Stolcke, Ivan Bulyko

USTED: Improving ASR with a unified speech and text encoder-decoder
Bolaji Yusuf, Ankur Gandhe, Alex Sokolov

VADOI: Voice-activity-detection overlapping inference for end-to-end long-form speech recognition
Jinhan Wang, Xiaosu Tong, Jinxi Guo, Di He, Roland Maas

Computer vision

ASD-transformer: Efficient active speaker detection using self and multimodal transformers
Gourav Datta, Tyler Etchart, Vivek Yadav, Varsha Hedau, Pradeep Natarajan, Shih-Fu Chang

Dynamically pruning SegFormer for efficient semantic segmentation
Haoli Bai, Hongda Mao, Dinesh Nair

Enhancing contrastive learning with temporal cognizance for audio-visual representation generation
Chandrashekhar Lavania, Shiva Sundaram, Sundararajan Srinivasan, Katrin Kirchhoff

Few-shot gaze estimation with model offset predictors
Jiawei Ma, Xu Zhang, Yue Wu, Varsha Hedau, Shih-Fu Chang

Visual representation learning with self-supervised attention for low-label high-data regime
Prarthana Bhattacharyya, Chenge Li, Xiaonan Zhao, István Fehérvári, Jason Sun

Federated learning

Federated learning challenges and opportunities: An outlook
Jie Ding, Eric Tramel, Anit Kumar Sahu, Shuang Wu, Salman Avestimehr, Tao Zhang

FL framework.png
The federated-learning scenario considered in "Federated learning challenges and opportunities: An outlook".

Learnings from federated learning in the real world
Christophe Dupuy, Tanya G. Roosta, Leo Long, Clement Chung, Rahul Gupta, Salman Avestimehr

Information retrieval

Contrastive knowledge graph attention network for request-based recipe recommendation
Xiyao Ma, Zheng Gao, Qian Hu, Mohamed Abdelhady

Keyword spotting

Unified speculation, detection, and verification keyword spotting
Geng-shen Fu, Thibaud Senechal, Aaron Challenner, Tao Zhang

Machine translation

Isometric MT: Neural machine translation for automatic dubbing
Surafel Melaku Lakew, Yogesh Virkar, Prashant Mathur, Marcello Federico

Natural-language understanding

ADVIN: Automatically discovering novel domains and intents from user text utterances
Nikhita Vedula, Rahul Gupta, Aman Alok, Mukund Sridhar, Shankar Ananthakrishnan

An efficient DP-SGD mechanism for large scale NLU models
Christophe Dupuy, Radhika Arava, Rahul Gupta, Anna Rumshisky

Paralinguistics

Confidence estimation for speech emotion recognition based on the relationship between emotion categories and primitives
Yang Li, Constantinos Papayiannis, Viktor Rozgic, Elizabeth Shriberg, Chao Wang

Multi-lingual multi-task speech emotion recognition using wav2vec 2.0
Mayank Sharma

Representation learning through cross-modal conditional teacher-student training for speech emotion recognition
Sundararajan Srinivasan, Zhaocheng Huang, Katrin Kirchhoff

Sentiment-aware automatic speech recognition pre-training for enhanced speech emotion recognition
Ayoub Ghriss, Bo Yang, Viktor Rozgic, Elizabeth Shriberg, Chao Wang

Personalization

Incremental user embedding modeling for personalized text classification
Ruixue Lian, Che-Wei Huang, Yuqing Tang, Qilong Gu, Chengyuan Ma, Chenlei (Edward) Guo

Signal processing

Deep adaptive AEC: Hybrid of deep learning and adaptive acoustic echo cancellation
Hao Zhang, Srivatsan Kandadai, Harsha Rao, Minje Kim, Tarun Pruthi, Trausti Kristjansson

Improved singing voice separation with chromagram-based pitch-aware remixing
Siyuan Yuan, Zhepei Wang, Umut Isik, Ritwik Giri, Jean-Marc Valin, Michael M. Goodwin, Arvindh Krishnaswamy

Sparse recovery of acoustic waves
Mohamed Mansour

Upmixing via style transfer: A variational autoencoder for disentangling spatial images and musical content
Haici Yang, Sanna Wager, Spencer Russell, Mike Luo, Minje Kim, Wontak Kim

Sound source localization

End-to-end Alexa device arbitration
Jarred Barber, Yifeng Fan, Tao Zhang

Speaker diarization/identification/verification

ASR-aware end-to-end neural diarization
Aparna Khare, Eunjung Han, Yuguang Yang, Andreas Stolcke

Improving fairness in speaker verification via group-adapted fusion network
Hua Shen, Yuguang Yang, Guoli Sun, Ryan Langman, Eunjung Han, Jasha Droppo, Andreas Stolcke

OpenFEAT: Improving speaker identification by open-set few-shot embedding adaptation with Transformer
Kishan K C, Zhenning Tan, Long Chen, Minho Jin, Eunjung Han, Andreas Stolcke, Chul Lee

Self-supervised speaker recognition training using human-machine dialogues
Metehan Cekic, Ruirui Li, Zeya Chen, Yuguang Yang, Andreas Stolcke, Upamanyu Madhow

Self-supervised speaker verification with simple Siamese network and self-supervised regularization
Mufan Sang, Haoqi Li, Fang Liu, Andrew O. Arnold, Li Wan

Spoken-language understanding

A neural prosody encoder for end-to-end dialogue act classification
Kai Wei, Dillon Knox, Martin Radfar, Thanh Tran, Markus Mueller, Grant P. Strimel, Nathan Susanj, Athanasios Mouchtaris, Maurizio Omologo

Multi-task RNN-T with semantic decoder for streamable spoken language understanding
Xuandi Fu, Feng-Ju Chang, Martin Radfar, Kai Wei, Jing Liu, Grant P. Strimel, Kanthashree Mysore Sathyendra

Tie your embeddings down: Cross-modal latent spaces for end-to-end spoken language understanding
Bhuvan Agrawal, Markus Mueller, Samridhi Choudhary, Martin Radfar, Athanasios Mouchtaris, Ross McGowan, Nathan Susanj, Siegfried Kunzmann

TINYS2I: A small-footprint utterance classification model with contextual support for on-device SLU
Anastasios Alexandridis, Kanthashree Mysore Sathyendra, Grant P. Strimel, Pavel Kveton, Jon Webb, Athanasios Mouchtaris

Text-to-speech

Cross-speaker style transfer for text-to-speech using data augmentation
Manuel Sam Ribeiro, Julian Roth, Giulia Comini, Goeric Huybrechts, Adam Gabrys, Jaime Lorenzo-Trueba

Distribution augmentation for low-resource expressive text-to-speech
Mateusz Lajszczak, Animesh Prasad, Arent van Korlaar, Bajibabu Bollepalli, Antonio Bonafonte, Arnaud Joly, Marco Nicolis, Alexis Moinet, Thomas Drugman, Trevor Wood, Elena Sokolova

Duration modeling of neural TTS for automatic dubbing
Johanes Effendi, Yogesh Virkar, Roberto Barra-Chicote, Marcello Federico

Neural speech synthesis on a shoestring: Improving the efficiency of LPCNET
Jean-Marc Valin, Umut Isik, Paris Smaragdis, Arvindh Krishnaswamy

Text-free non-parallel many-to-many voice conversion using normalising flows
Thomas Merritt, Abdelhamid Ezzerg, Piotr Biliński, Magdalena Proszewska, Kamil Pokora, Roberto Barra-Chicote, Daniel Korzekwa

VoiceFilter: Few-shot text-to-speech speaker adaptation using voice conversion as a post-processing module
Adam Gabrys, Goeric Huybrechts, Manuel Sam Ribeiro, Chung-Ming Chien, Julian Roth, Giulia Comini, Roberto Barra-Chicote, Bartek Perz, Jaime Lorenzo-Trueba

Time series forecasting

Robust nonparametric distribution forecast with backtest-based bootstrap and adaptive residual selection
Longshaokan Marshall Wang, Lingda Wang, Mina Georgieva, Paulo Machado, Abinaya Ulagappa, Safwan Ahmed, Yan Lu, Arjun Bakshi, Farhad Ghassemi

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Job summaryAmazon is looking for a customer focused, analytically and technically skilled Data Sciences Leader for Amazon Physical Stores Business. We’re trying to optimize shopping experience for Amazon’s Customers in the Physical retail space. This role will be a key member of the core Analytics team, based in Seattle, WA. The successful candidate will be a self-starter comfortable with ambiguity, with strong attention to detail, an ability to work in a fast-paced, high-energy and ever-changing environment. The drive and capability to shape the business group strategy is a must.In this role, you will work to establish world class data science, analytics and reporting for Amazonians as part of building the Physical Retail experience for our customers. This key role will work closely with internal partners to assist in developing and managing analytic solutions. Your team will work closely with Product Managers, Software Engineers, and Program Managers to develop statistical models, design and run experiments, and find new ways to optimize customer shopping and product experience. You and your team will influence the direction of the business by leveraging our data to deliver insights that drive decisions and actions. The role will involve translating broad business problems into specific analytics projects, conducting deep quantitative analyses, and communicating results effectively. We see a high potential for influence and growth in this role as we transform our data into actionable insights to continue to fuel the growth of this business. Key job responsibilities• Manage a team of data scientists, identify opportunities and develop data science strategies.• Translate business questions and concerns into specific analytical questions that can be answered with available data using statistical methods.• Apply Statistical and Machine Learning methods to specific business problems and data.• Ensure data quality throughout all stages of acquisition and processing, including such areas as data sourcing/collection, ground truth generation, normalization, transformation, cross-lingual alignment/mapping, etc.• Communicate proposals and results in a clear manner backed by data and coupled with actionable conclusions to drive business decisions.• Collaborate with colleagues from multidisciplinary science, engineering and business backgrounds.• Work with engineers to develop efficient data querying and modeling infrastructure.• Manage your own process. Prioritize and execute on high impact projects, triage external requests, and ensure to deliver projects in time.• Utilizing code (Python, R, Scala, etc.) for analyzing data and building statistical models.
US, NC, Virtual Location - N Carolina
Job summaryWant to help the largest global enterprises derive business value through the adoption of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)? Excited by using massive amounts of disparate data to develop ML models? Eager to learn to apply ML to a diverse array of enterprise use cases? Thrilled to be a part of Amazon who has been pioneering and shaping the world’s AI/ML technology for decades? At Amazon Web Services (AWS), we are helping large enterprises build ML models on the AWS Cloud. We are applying predictive technology to large volumes of data and against a wide spectrum of problems. AWS Professional Services works together with AWS customers to address their business needs using AI solutions. AWS Professional Services is a unique consulting team. We pride ourselves on being customer obsessed and highly focused on the AI enablement of our customers. If you have experience with AI, including building ML models, we’d like to have you join our team. You will get to work with an innovative company, with great teammates, and have a lot of fun helping our customers. A successful candidate will be a person who enjoys diving deep into data, doing analysis, discovering root causes, and designing long-term solutions. Major responsibilities include:Assist customers by being able to deliver a ML project from beginning to end, including understanding the business need, aggregating data, exploring data, building & validating predictive models, and deploying completed models with concept-drift monitoring and retraining to deliver business impact to the organizationUse AWS AI services (e.g., Personalize), ML platforms (SageMaker), and frameworks (e.g., MXNet, TensorFlow, PyTorch, SparkML, scikit-learn) to help our customers build ML modelsResearch and implement novel ML approaches, including hardware optimizations on platforms such as AWS InferentiaWork with our other Professional Services consultants (Big Data, IoT, HPC) to analyze, extract, normalize, and label relevant data, and with our Professional Services engineers to operationalize customers’ models after they are prototypedInclusive Team Culture Here at AWS, we embrace our differences. We are committed to furthering our culture of inclusion. We have thirteen employee-led affinity groups, reaching 85,000 employees in over 190 chapters globally. We have innovative benefit offerings, and host annual and ongoing learning experiences, including our Conversations on Race and Ethnicity (CORE) and AmazeCon (gender diversity) conferences. Amazon’s culture of inclusion is reinforced within our 16 Leadership Principles, which remind team members to seek diverse perspectives, learn and be curious, and earn trust. Work/Life Balance Our team puts a high value on work-life harmony. Striking a healthy balance between your personal and professional life is crucial to your happiness and success here. We are a customer-obsessed organization—leaders start with the customer and work backwards. They work vigorously to earn and keep customer trust. As such, this is a customer facing role in a hybrid delivery model. Project engagements include remote delivery methods and onsite engagement that will include travel to customer locations as needed. Mentorship & Career Growth Our team is dedicated to supporting new members. We have a broad mix of experience levels and tenures, and we’re building an environment that celebrates knowledge sharing and mentorship. We care about your career growth and strive to assign projects based on what will help each team member develop into a better-rounded professional and enable them to take on more complex tasks in the future. This is a customer-facing role and you will be required to travel to client locations and deliver professional services as needed.This position requires the candidate selected be a US citizen because it provides services under a federal government contract with clearance requirements. This position is limited to individuals who can obtain and maintain the federal government clearance required by the contract.In compliance with the U.S. government requirement that employees of its contractors receive the COVID-19 vaccine if those employees work on or in connection with U.S. government contracts, this position may require that the candidate selected be fully vaccinated against COVID-19. A person is considered fully vaccinated by completing the full regimen of the COVID-19 vaccine (two doses for Pfizer or Moderna and one dose for Johnson & Johnson).