Headshots of female Amazon scientists participating in the Grace Hopper Conference.
Amazon scientists (from top left) Kristine Brown, Laura De Lorenzo, Yang Liu, Hannah Marlowe, Nina Mishra, Candace Thille, and Chao Wang provide their perspectives on what it will take to attract more women to pursue STEM careers.
Credit: Stacy Reilly

Seeds of inspiration

Given the recent death of US Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and with the Grace Hopper Celebration taking place this week, we asked Amazon women scientists what it will take to attract more women to pursue STEM careers.

The AnitaB.org Grace Hopper Celebration, an event honoring Grace Hopper’s legacy by inspiring future generations of women to pursue careers in technology, takes place this week, as it has every year since 1994. Amazon is a Diamond sponsor of this year’s event.

Unlike previous years, though, this year’s celebration, which AnitaB.org produces in partnership with the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), will be held virtually given restrictions related to COVID-19.  What hasn’t changed is the vision of AnitaB.org: a future “where the people who imagine and build technology mirror the people and societies for whom they build it.”

Based on the latest statistics from the National Center for Women & Information Technology, that future is still on the horizon. While 57 percent of US professional jobs were held by women in 2019, just 26% of professional computing jobs were occupied by women. Among the 26% of women occupying professional computing jobs, 7% were Asian women, 3% Black women, and 2% Hispanic women.

Elizabeth Nieto, Amazon’s head of global diversity and inclusion, says the company’s vision is to create a culture where the best builders, including women from all backgrounds, want to work and stay at Amazon “because they are drawn to our mission, our culture, and our leaders. We are focused on being globally inclusive and creating a culture at Amazon where everyone can reach their full potential.”

At last year’s event, Brenda Darden Wilkerson, president and CEO of AnitaB.org, told nearly 25,000 attendees, “I want our daughters to say, ‘I heard back in the day there was this problem that there weren’t enough women in tech.  What was that like?’”

In advance of this week's conference, Amazon Science asked some of the company’s women scientists when they think the industry will reach that goal, what it will take to get there, and who or what most inspired them to pursue their science careers.  Below are their responses.

Kristine Brown is a principal economist within Amazon’s human resources organization. She obtained her PhD in economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

Kristine Brown
Kristine Brown

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

At Amazon, I learned the importance of continuous inspection to identify opportunities for improvement, and to adapt to a shifting environment. I think the same applies here; the task of deliberately creating opportunities for others, and removing barriers to shape a more equitable and inclusive workplace will evolve over time, but it doesn’t have an end date.

Q. What will it take to get there?

The demand for science and tech talent is increasing in the traditional technology sector and in other industries that are leveraging new technologies and data to provide better services and products. The door is wide open, but you can’t walk in if you don’t know it exists, or how to get there. For me, early exposure and encouragement to explore science and math were critical. I discovered a passion for physics and that interest pushed me to develop my math and science skills. I was lucky to have this opportunity. Casting a wider net to provide early, low stakes opportunities to engage in science and tech activities, develop STEM skills, and learn about the diversity of work in this space, will help demystify the technology industry. It will also allow kids and young adults to learn whether it matches their interests and whether they have a knack for it.

Q. Who or what inspired you most to pursue your STEM career?

My fascination with the natural world was fueled by observing wildlife, peering through an observatory telescope at distant planets, and nature magazines with beautiful photos. The mind-bending questions of space and time were especially irresistible; I wanted the answers to the universe, and physics and math were the key to finding them. Later, as I became interested in understanding human behavior (which I’d argue is no less mysterious) and how government policies could improve lives, I found economics came with a familiar toolkit of mathematical modeling and scientific testing to answer these questions. I saw a career in economics as an opportunity to leverage my strengths to drive positive change.

Laura De Lorenzo is a quantum computing research scientist within the Amazon Web Services organization. She earned her PhD in applied physics from the California Institute of Technology (CalTech).

Laura De Lorenzo
Laura De Lorenzo

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

To be honest, I'm so uncertain as to be unwilling to hazard a guess, but I do think it is a long way off. In some STEM fields, such as medicine, the gender gap has nearly, or completely, closed within the past 50 years. In other fields, the percentage of women (measured by employment or educational degree) remains far below 50% and doesn't appear to be changing significantly year over year. The amount of progress in some fields is encouraging, but it's difficult to understand why fields like physics and computer science lag behind.  

Q. What will it take to get there?

This issue is clearly challenging and multi-faceted, so I cannot offer a single simple solution. However, I think one important aspect is a focus on young women, in the middle school to high school age group. For example, women are already underrepresented in the high school AP physics examinations. By the time students reach the undergraduate level, only about 20% of physics majors are female. I think it is essential to understand why young women make these choices. Is it a lack of role models, or self-doubt about their ability to perform well in science, or peer pressure, or something else entirely?  In the meantime, I think it is important to offer encouragement and support to young students because once women drop out of the STEM fields, it is more difficult for them to return at a later age.

Q. Who or what inspired you most to pursue your STEM career?

From a young age, my parents were always supportive of my interests in science and math, and of my career in general. My mother went to medical school in the late ‘70s, when women represented only about 20% of medical students in the US.  I always saw her as strong, hard-working, and independent, and she was a great example for me to follow. Both of my parents had high expectations for me and would never allow me to perform at less than my best. I definitely owe the largest debt of gratitude to them. However, programs such as Science Olympiad and the Pennsylvania Governor's School for Science (a five-week program for rising high school seniors), also helped me by introducing me to a peer group with similar interests, and to a larger group of role models and mentors who could help me navigate the next step.

Yang Liu is a principal scientist within the Alexa AI organization. She earned her PhD in electrical and computer engineering from Purdue University.

Yang Liu
Yang Liu

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

Maybe in another generation. My daughter is in first grade now. I’m hopeful we can reach that day when she finishes high school, and is choosing a college major or planning a career in STEM or the technology industry.

Q. What will it take to get there?

It will require effort from everyone in society, including educators, students, parents, and policy makers. Starting from kindergarten through high school, young girls and women need support and encouragement from parents and teachers to realize their potential and get excited by STEM careers; educators need to nurture girls’ interest in STEM and create an environment to help them do well in these subjects; and policy makers need to provide appropriate and adequate resources for teachers and students. As Hillary Clinton has written and said, it will take a village for society to address existing biases and prejudices. But with everyone’s effort, I’m confident we can get there by the time my daughter is entering the workforce.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

Mostly just people around me — my family, teachers from elementary schools all the way up to universities, and an overall supportive environment, including friends and peers. I grew up in China. My mom was a math teacher, and I did well in math starting in elementary school. All I got from everyone around me was support, respect, and encouragement to continue to excel in this subject. I never encountered an attitude like “girls are not good at math (or other science subjects) or don’t need to do well in math”. I made many friends (girls and boys) in schools, and was never left out because I did better than others in science. Reflecting on this, there’s no doubt I benefited from that supportive environment, leading to my future career in STEM. I don’t know for sure if there is a difference between China and US; I don’t have enough sample to draw a conclusion. I’m not even sure if there’s been a generational change within China. What I can say is that I would encourage girls and young women to pursue STEM careers.  The subjects themselves are fascinating. Right now I’m working within the Alexa organization on making computers and other devices “intelligent” by recognizing speech and understanding human language. The work is challenging, interesting, and it’s great to see how Alexa can have a positive impact on the lives of our customers. 

Hannah Marlowe is a senior data scientist within the AWS Worldwide Public Sector Professional Services Data and Machine Learning team. She earned her PhD in physics from the University of Iowa, specializing in the study of astronomical X-ray sources and space-borne instrumentation development.

Hannah Marlowe
Hannah Marlowe

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

The university building where I completed my PhD was an interesting time-capsule to observe some of the progress of women in physics and astronomy. The eight-level physics building, built in the ‘60s, originally featured only men’s restrooms apart from one. The lone women’s restroom was located across the hall from the administration office and included an attached kitchen (still there today), presumably so that secretaries working in the office could prepare meals during the work day. In years since, they have thankfully adjusted the restroom situation, but the basement where my team’s lab was located still only had a men’s room and it was always an interesting reminder of that past.

Today, the thought of designing a building with facilities only for men (much less a public university building) seems completely ridiculous, but it wasn’t so long ago that it apparently made practical sense. We are standing on the shoulders of giants like Ruth Bader Ginsburg and other advocates of gender equality who paved the way for the participation of women in traditionally male-dominated fields and shifted public perception of what women can and should do. It is my hope that we continue to build on the work they championed, but it will take a concerted effort. I don’t have a good answer for when I think we will get to the point that gender disparity in STEM fields is a distant memory. However, I have seen positive changes and witnessed shifts over my own career (not limited to restroom design choices) that make me optimistic that we can get there eventually.

Q. What will it take to get there?

I don’t believe there is any one right answer, but one of the most important things is making it clear to young girls and women that they belong and add value in STEM. I think people tend to gravitate to careers and roles that they have exposure to, and where they see role models that look like themselves. The other piece is not just encouraging girls and women to explore STEM, but expecting it and treating it like a normal career path versus an exceptional one. That is not to say we should be pushing girls to pursue something they aren’t interested in, but I hope that we get to a point where girls pursuing STEM seems completely boring and commonplace. That gets easier as more women enter STEM fields, and I think there is probably a tipping point where women and girls just naturally begin to gravitate in larger numbers to these fields. As a practical matter, we should also be equipping girls with all of the skills and tools that will make them successful in these fields from a young age. Anyone who isn’t exposed to math and science early is going to have to play catch-up later on, and may question their own abilities when they compare themselves to peers who have been in advanced math and science tracks throughout grade school.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

I feel extremely fortunate that I have mainly been able to follow my interests and what I found to be fun and personally challenging throughout school and my career so far. I also had many great influences and mentors in my life that helped me along my path. From an early age my father used to point out constellations in the sky and took my sister and me to observe comets and space shuttle launches. Once I got to high school, I had a wonderful retired NASA engineer as a physics teacher who introduced me to physics and to Carl Sagan and helped us start the first astronomy club at our school. For my undergraduate education, I chose a small women’s liberal arts college, Agnes Scott College, that had its own observatory and offered an astrophysics degree. At Agnes, I had excellent professors and the unique experience of having all of my STEM peers be women. I think that experience especially helped inoculate me for the future where I’ve more often found myself the only women in large lab groups, collaborations, and professional teams.

The last thing I would like to mention here, because I think it is really important and something I have often struggled with, is the issue of self-doubt. Self-doubt and imposter syndrome are definitely not limited to women in STEM fields, but I think being the only one around who looks like you can contribute to those feelings, and can push people away who have wonderful things to add to these fields. I have so often questioned myself and my worthiness, intelligence, and value (did I really earn that award/fellowship/job offer or was I selected just because I am a women/was in the right place at the right time/completely by mistake?). It was really important for me to know that I was not alone in doubting myself and my capabilities and I am grateful to colleagues and mentors, men and women alike, who shared their own experiences with self-doubt and imposter syndrome along the way. I’ll always remember my wonderful, brilliant, and inspiring undergraduate professor telling me about her own struggles in graduate school, and that one of the reasons she became a professor was to show us that “if she could do it, any of us could.”

Nina Mishra is a principal scientist Amazon’s Health and Wellness organization. She earned her PhD in computer science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Nina Mishra
Nina Mishra

Q. When do you think we’ll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

While computer science has had a gender gap since its inception, I was convinced early on that a trifling matter like gender difference would self-correct. I was wrong. According to a 2019 Taulbee survey, 80% of PhDs are awarded to men and 20% to women. Back in 2001, the split was 78%/22% -- essentially unchanged after 18 years. The problem is not likely to improve in the next five years since the 80/20 gap persists in 2019 at the computer science bachelor’s degree level. Beyond gender gap, there is a gaping wide race gap. In 2019, less than 1% of PhDs were awarded to Black or African-American students; in 2001 this number was 1.3% -- again, essentially the same.  This gap persists early in the education pipeline.  For example, while Atlanta’s population is more than 50% black, only 3 Black students are enrolled in advanced placement computer science courses in local public high schools -- that is 3 out of 528,000! Narrowing this gap is critical for the technology industry. Companies do not want the lack of diversity in their workforce to perpetuate into their products. When will we reach that day? When we change the computer-science culture to welcome and embrace differences. 

My hope, adapting the words of others, is that the arc of social justice is long, but bends towards equality.
Nina Mishra

Q. What will it take to get there?

We cannot reach parity until we overturn the presumption that women hold different roles than men. Until we eliminate the idea that there are ‘girls’ disciplines’ and ‘boys’ disciplines’, and slights such as asking a woman in a meeting if she’s a secretary, or if she can get water for the meeting, it will be difficult to make progress.  Derogatory comments like these contribute to the ‘million cuts’ that women experience and can ultimately lead people to pursue careers where they are more wanted. I’m surprised that people are still hung up on these role associations, but the concern is real and people like Ruth Bader Ginsberg fought their entire career to overturn them. My hope, adapting the words of others, is that the arc of social justice is long, but bends towards equality.

Beyond reaching parity, underrepresented groups need to be seen and more prominently heard. All people have amazing ideas, but I have repeatedly seen ideas from underrepresented groups diminished and even discarded. When such ideas later resurface with the ownership transferred to someone in an overrepresented group, the process is demoralizing and influences people to find alternate careers. These injustices need to be reported and escalated to higher levels. The problem can only be fixed if we have an active dialogue starting from a young age.

Accessibility of resources is a consideration in some parts of the country. There are still households where students do not have a computer and others where a single computer is shared among many family members. There are households that do not have internet access. And, there are parts of the country where computer science classes and teachers aren’t available to students. People cannot choose a computer science career if they are missing these simple, starter ingredients.

Outreach is another area where we can do more. Students may wonder, `What will I do if I have a career in STEM?’. Everyone knows what a medical degree or a law degree leads to career-wise, but what does a computer science degree lead to? The common misperception is of macho geeks cranking out tons of code. For me, it is about finding ways to use data collected about some people to help millions more. It is about the amazing predictions that machine learning can make. The way that smartwatches can detect heart arrhythmias and search engines connect people to information is rooted in data and machine learning. Writing code is a means to that end. Novel and crazy ideas are what push the field forward. A more concerted effort is needed to communicate this to young students.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

My mother played a huge role early in life. She has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts. She taught math at a community college and also a prison. Later on, my high school math teacher played a large role. She forced students to walk to the board and write/explain their solutions. It was an early peek into the clarity one achieves by teaching their solution to others. Both taught me the precision and beauty of math. Both insisted on exacting standards for the highest quality of work. My father taught me to be bold. He has a PhD in inorganic chemistry and emphasized scientific innovation. To this day, he shares articles with the latest and greatest scientific findings, always pushing me to aim higher.

Candace Thille is director of learning science within Amazon’s Global Learning and Development organization. She obtained her master’s degree in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University and earned her PhD in education from the University of Pennsylvania.

Candace Thille
Candace Thille

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

I am going to change the question to respond to what I wish Brenda Darden Wilkerson had said: “I want our sons to say ‘I heard back in the day there was this problem that there weren’t enough women in tech. What was that like?” I do not mean to imply that the quote needs to be changed because the problem is only important if it is acknowledged by our sons, but rather that the problem will only be corrected when the problem, and the responsibility for correcting it, is owned by our sons too, not just our daughters.  When will we reach that day?  When gender is no longer seen as a feature of an individual that is relevant for encouraging, allocating, or selecting roles and responsibilities.

Q. What will it take to get there? 

First, an acknowledgement that the current systems and structures in STEM fields are grounded in the idea that gender and race are features of an individual that are relevant for encouraging, allocating, or selecting roles and responsibilities. Second, a commitment to ongoing inspection of those systems and structures for biases in order to change them. People would sometimes ask Ruth Bader Ginsberg “When will there be enough women on the court” and she would reply, “When there are nine”.  She would say then that “People are shocked, but there’d been nine men, and nobody’s ever raised a question about that”.  

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

I have always been fascinated with how things work, both for the joy of understanding and to figure out how to make things work better. I have been awed by the discoveries that come from good research, and from the positive impact of using the results from research to make the world better. Both as an academic researcher and as a research scientist at Amazon, I situate my work in Pasteur's quadrant and work on projects that seek fundamental understanding of scientific problems, while also having immediate use for society.

Chao Wang is a senior applied science manager within the Alexa organization. She earned her PhD in electrical engineering and computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Chao Wang
Chao Wang

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

I’m reminded of the Bill Gates quote, “We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years, and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. Don’t let yourself be lulled into inaction.” I’d like to think we could reach that state within the next 10 years, but it will probably take another generation of change. So I think closer to 2050.

Q. What will it take to get there?

I’ll share a very different perspective. I grew up in China and the education system back then made everyone decide their major in sophomore year of high school. That system channeled students to different college entrance exams depending on the choice (so your career paths are largely determined very early on). It was a 5:2 split ratio for STEM and non-STEM (probably matching the college admission ratio), and naturally only students who were really interested in a non-STEM career path self-selected into that track. The majority chose STEM. At the time, I did notice that more female students chose the non-STEM track, but plenty of us ended up in the STEM track, too (strength in numbers). I have observed that in the US, if you are ambivalent about STEM, then the gender stereotype works against young women pursuing STEM careers. I contrast that with the early days of computing in the US, when computer programmer was considered a female job, and you had a lot of female programmers in an otherwise male dominant technology industry and computing pioneers like Dr. Grace Hopper. It all changed (for the worse) within a generation, and we can change it back with the right societal mental shift.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

Growing up in China I never felt that STEM was somehow an unusual choice for a young woman. Math and physics were always my favorite subjects, and no one ever discouraged me from pursuing those interests. I enjoyed the problem solving of math and physics much more than courses requiring writing or memorization. I opted for the STEM track in high school and was admitted into a top engineering school in China for my undergraduate studies. My career path was more or less decided from that point in time.

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Are you interested in changing the Digital Reading Experience? We are from Kindle Books Team looking for a set of Scientists to take the reading experience in Kindle to next level with a set of innovations! We envision Kindle as the place where readers find the best manifestation of all written content optimized with features that enable them to get the most out of reading, and creators are able to realize their vision to customers quickly and at scale. Every time customers open their content, regardless of surface, they start or restart their reading in a familiar, useful and engaging place. We achieve this by building a strong foundation of core experiences and act as a force multiplier and partner for content creators (directly or indirectly) to easily innovate on top of Kindle's purpose built content experience stack in a simple and extensible way. We will achieve this by providing a best-in-class reading experience, unique content experiences, and remaining agile in meeting the evolving needs and preferences of our users. Our goal is to foster long-lasting reading habits and make us the preferred destination for enriching literary experiences. We are building a In The Book Science team and looking for Scientists, who are passionate about Reading and are willing to take Reading to the next level. Every Book is a complex structure with different entities, layout, format and semantics, with more than 17MM eBooks in our catalog. We are looking for experts in all domains like core NLP, Generative AI, CV and Deep Learning Techniques for unlocking capabilities like analysis, enhancement, curation, moderation, translation, transformation and generation in Books based on Content structure, features, Intent & Synthesis. Scientists will focus on Inside the book content and semantically learn the different entities to enhance the Reading experience overall (Kindle & beyond). They have an opportunity to influence in 2 major phases of life-cycle - Publishing (Creation of Books process) and Reading experience (building engaging features & representation in the book thereby driving reading engagement). Key job responsibilities - 3+ years of building machine learning models for business application experience - PhD, or Master's degree and 2+ years of applied research experience - Knowledge of programming languages such as C/C++, Python, Java or Perl - Experience programming in Java, C++, Python or related language - You have expertise in one of the applied science disciplines, such as machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, Deep learning - You are able to use reasonable assumptions, data, and customer requirements to solve problems. - You initiate the design, development, execution, and implementation of smaller components with input and guidance from team members. - You work with SDEs to deliver solutions into production to benefit customers or an area of the business. - You assume responsibility for the code in your components. You write secure, stable, testable, maintainable code with minimal defects. - You understand basic data structures, algorithms, model evaluation techniques, performance, and optimality tradeoffs. - You follow engineering and scientific method best practices. You get your designs, models, and code reviewed. You test your code and models thoroughly - You participate in team design, scoping and prioritization discussions. You are able to map a business goal to a scientific problem and map business metrics to technical metrics. - You invent, refine and develop your solutions to ensure they are meeting customer needs and team goals. You keep current with research trends in your area of expertise and scrutinize your results. A day in the life You will be working with a group of talented scientists on researching algorithm and running experiments to test solutions to improve our experience. This will involve collaboration with partner teams including engineering, PMs, data annotators, and other scientists to discuss data quality, model development and productionizing the same. You will mentor other scientists, review and guide their work, help develop roadmaps for the team. We are open to hiring candidates to work out of one of the following locations: Bangalore, IND | Bangalore, KA, IND
IN, KA, Bengaluru
Do you want to join an innovative team of scientists who use machine learning and statistical techniques to create state-of-the-art solutions for providing better value to Amazon’s customers? Do you want to build and deploy advanced algorithmic systems that help optimize millions of transactions every day? Are you excited by the prospect of analyzing and modeling terabytes of data to solve real world problems? Do you like to own end-to-end business problems/metrics and directly impact the profitability of the company? Do you like to innovate and simplify? If yes, then you may be a great fit to join the Machine Learning and Data Sciences team for India Consumer Businesses. If you have an entrepreneurial spirit, know how to deliver, love to work with data, are deeply technical, highly innovative and long for the opportunity to build solutions to challenging problems that directly impact the company's bottom-line, we want to talk to you. Major responsibilities - Use machine learning and analytical techniques to create scalable solutions for business problems - Analyze and extract relevant information from large amounts of Amazon’s historical business data to help automate and optimize key processes - Design, development, evaluate and deploy innovative and highly scalable models for predictive learning - Research and implement novel machine learning and statistical approaches - Work closely with software engineering teams to drive real-time model implementations and new feature creations - Work closely with business owners and operations staff to optimize various business operations - Establish scalable, efficient, automated processes for large scale data analyses, model development, model validation and model implementation - Mentor other scientists and engineers in the use of ML techniques We are open to hiring candidates to work out of one of the following locations: Bengaluru, KA, IND
IN, KA, Bengaluru
How to use the world’s richest collection of e-commerce data to improve payments experience for our customers? Amazon Payments Global Data Science team seeks a Senior Data Scientist for building analytical and scientific solutions that will address increasingly complex business questions in the Gift-Cards space. Amazon.com has a culture of data-driven decision-making and demands intelligence that is timely, accurate, and actionable. This team operates at WW level and provides a fast-paced environment where every day brings new challenges and opportunities. As a Senior Data Scientist in this team, you will be driving the Data Science/ML roadmap for business continuity & growth. You will develop statistical and machine learning models to solve for complex business problems in Gift-Cards space, design and run global experiments, and find new ways to optimize the customer experience. You will need to collaborate effectively with internal stakeholders, cross-functional teams to solve problems, create operational efficiencies, and deliver successfully against high organizational standards. You will explore GenAI use-cases within Gift-Cards space and also work on cross-disciplinary efforts with other scientists within Amazon. Key job responsibilities - You should be detail-oriented and must have an aptitude for solving unstructured and ambiguous problems. You should work in a self-directed environment, own tasks and drive them to completion - You should be passionate about working with huge data sets and be someone who loves to bring datasets together to answer business questions - You should demonstrate thorough technical expertise on feature engineering of massive datasets, exploratory data analysis, and model building using state-of-art ML algorithms - Random Forest, Gradient Boosting, SVM, Neural Nets, DL, Reinforcement Learning etc. You should be aware of automating feedback loops for algorithms in production - You should work closely with internal stakeholders like the business teams, engineering teams and partner teams and align them with respect to your focus areas - You should have excellent business and communication skills to be able to work with business owners to develop and define key business questions and build mechanisms that answer those questions We are open to hiring candidates to work out of one of the following locations: Bengaluru, KA, IND
US, NY, New York
The Automated Reasoning Group in AWS Platform is looking for an Applied Scientist with experience in building scalable solver solutions that delight customers. You will be part of a world-class team building the next generation of automated reasoning tools and services. AWS has the most services and more features within those services, than any other cloud provider–from infrastructure technologies like compute, storage, and databases–to emerging technologies, such as machine learning and artificial intelligence, data lakes and analytics, and Internet of Things. You will apply your knowledge to propose solutions, create software prototypes, and move prototypes into production systems using modern software development tools and methodologies. In addition, you will support and scale your solutions to meet the ever-growing demand of customer use. You will use your strong verbal and written communication skills, are self-driven and own the delivery of high quality results in a fast-paced environment. Each day, hundreds of thousands of developers make billions of transactions worldwide on AWS. They harness the power of the cloud to enable innovative applications, websites, and businesses. Using automated reasoning technology and mathematical proofs, AWS allows customers to answer questions about security, availability, durability, and functional correctness. We call this provable security, absolute assurance in security of the cloud and in the cloud. See https://aws.amazon.com/security/provable-security/ As an Applied Scientist in AWS Platform, you will play a pivotal role in shaping the definition, vision, design, roadmap and development of product features from beginning to end. You will: - Define and implement new solver applications that are scalable and efficient approaches to difficult problems - Apply software engineering best practices to ensure a high standard of quality for all team deliverables - Work in an agile, startup-like development environment, where you are always working on the most important stuff - Deliver high-quality scientific artifacts - Work with the team to define new interfaces that lower the barrier of adoption for automated reasoning solvers - Work with the team to help drive business decisions The AWS Platform is the glue that holds the AWS ecosystem together. From identity features such as access management and sign on, cryptography, console, builder & developer tools, to projects like automating all of our contractual billing systems, AWS Platform is always innovating with the customer in mind. The AWS Platform team sustains over 750 million transactions per second. Learn and Be Curious. We have a formal mentor search application that lets you find a mentor that works best for you based on location, job family, job level etc. Your manager can also help you find a mentor or two, because two is better than one. In addition to formal mentors, we work and train together so that we are always learning from one another, and we celebrate and support the career progression of our team members. Inclusion and Diversity. Our team is diverse! We drive towards an inclusive culture and work environment. We are intentional about attracting, developing, and retaining amazing talent from diverse backgrounds. Team members are active in Amazon’s 10+ affinity groups, sometimes known as employee resource groups, which bring employees together across businesses and locations around the world. These range from groups such as the Black Employee Network, Latinos at Amazon, Indigenous at Amazon, Families at Amazon, Amazon Women and Engineering, LGBTQ+, Warriors at Amazon (Military), Amazon People With Disabilities, and more. Key job responsibilities Work closely with internal and external users on defining and extending application domains. Tune solver performance for application-specific demands. Identify new opportunities for solver deployment. About the team Solver science is a talented team of scientists from around the world. Expertise areas include solver theory, performance, implementation, and applications. Diverse Experiences AWS values diverse experiences. Even if you do not meet all of the qualifications and skills listed in the job description, we encourage candidates to apply. If your career is just starting, hasn’t followed a traditional path, or includes alternative experiences, don’t let it stop you from applying. Why AWS? Amazon Web Services (AWS) is the world’s most comprehensive and broadly adopted cloud platform. We pioneered cloud computing and never stopped innovating — that’s why customers from the most successful startups to Global 500 companies trust our robust suite of products and services to power their businesses. Inclusive Team Culture Here at AWS, it’s in our nature to learn and be curious. Our employee-led affinity groups foster a culture of inclusion that empower us to be proud of our differences. Ongoing events and learning experiences, including our Conversations on Race and Ethnicity (CORE) and AmazeCon (gender diversity) conferences, inspire us to never stop embracing our uniqueness. Mentorship & Career Growth We’re continuously raising our performance bar as we strive to become Earth’s Best Employer. That’s why you’ll find endless knowledge-sharing, mentorship and other career-advancing resources here to help you develop into a better-rounded professional. Work/Life Balance We value work-life harmony. Achieving success at work should never come at the expense of sacrifices at home, which is why we strive for flexibility as part of our working culture. When we feel supported in the workplace and at home, there’s nothing we can’t achieve in the cloud. Hybrid Work We value innovation and recognize this sometimes requires uninterrupted time to focus on a build. We also value in-person collaboration and time spent face-to-face. Our team affords employees options to work in the office every day or in a flexible, hybrid work model near one of our U.S. Amazon offices. We are open to hiring candidates to work out of one of the following locations: New York, NY, USA
US, WA, Bellevue
Amazon’s Automated Inventory Management (AIM) Planning Organization is looking for a Data Scientist to help invent the next generation of Amazon's Capacity and Constraint Management system - Automated Planning System (APS). APS will herald a a new era in Sales and Operations Planning (S&OP). APS emerges as a next-generation decision-making framework for Amazon's Worldwide (WW) fulfillment networks. In an industry first, APS seamlessly aligns Amazon's business controls by uniting cutting-edge supply and demand forecasts with a state-of-the-art coordination framework – respecting the distributed ownership of business logic and outcomes. As the centralized planning system, APS takes charge of coordinating all fulfillment, inventory, and operational decisions, maximizing WW Long Term Free Cash Flow (LTFCF) over a 1-year horizon The AIM team is part of the Supply Chain Optimization Technology (SCOT) Team within the Operations Organization. The charter of the SCOT team is to maximize Amazon’s return on our inventory investment in terms of Free Cash Flow and customer satisfaction. The planning organization within Amazon leads the S&OP, IPE and Capacity Planning functions. As a Data Scientist on the this team, you will build a deep understanding of Amazon's supply chain systems, lead innovation in our forecasting capabilities and build principled solutions to identify improvement opportunities in our supply chain using the latest machine learning techniques. You will also work with a team of Product Managers, Business Intelligence Engineers and Software Engineers to research and build accurate predictive models and deploy automated software solutions to provide insights to business leaders at the most senior levels throughout the company. You will build models that make our data more actionable and help us make complex business decisions at scale. To help describe some of our challenges, we created a short video about Supply Chain Optimization at Amazon - http://bit.ly/amazon-scot Key job responsibilities - Implement statistical and machine learning methods to solve complex business problems - Research new ways to improve predictive and explanatory models - Directly contribute to the design and development of automated prediction systems and ML infrastructure - Build models that can detect supply chain defects and explain variance to the optimal state - Collaborate with other researchers, software developers, and business leaders to define the scientific roadmap for this team We are open to hiring candidates to work out of one of the following locations: Bellevue, WA, USA
US, WA, Seattle
Do you want to join an innovative team of scientists who use machine learning to help Amazon provide the best experience to our Selling Partners by automatically understanding and addressing their challenges, needs and opportunities? Do you want to build advanced algorithmic systems that are powered by state-of-art ML, such as Natural Language Processing, Large Language Models, Deep Learning, Computer Vision and Causal Modeling, to seamlessly engage with Sellers? Are you excited by the prospect of analyzing and modeling terabytes of data and creating cutting edge algorithms to solve real world problems? Do you like to build end-to-end business solutions and directly impact the profitability of the company and experience of our customers? Do you like to innovate and simplify? If yes, then you may be a great fit to join the Selling Partner Experience Science team. Key job responsibilities - Use statistical and machine learning techniques to create the next generation of the tools that empower Amazon's Selling Partners to succeed. - Design, develop and deploy highly innovative models to interact with Sellers and delight them with solutions. - Work closely with teams of scientists and software engineers to drive real-time model implementations and deliver novel and highly impactful features. - Establish scalable, efficient, automated processes for large scale data analyses, model development, model validation and model implementation. - Research and implement novel machine learning and statistical approaches. - Participate in strategic initiatives to employ the most recent advances in ML in a fast-paced, experimental environment. About the team Selling Partner Experience Science is a growing team of scientists, engineers and product leaders engaged in the research and development of the next generation of ML-driven technology to empower Amazon's Selling Partners to succeed. We draw from many science domains, from Natural Language Processing to Computer Vision to Optimization to Economics, to create solutions that seamlessly and automatically engage with Sellers, solve their problems, and help them grow. Focused on collaboration, innovation and strategic impact, we work closely with other science and technology teams, product and operations organizations, and with senior leadership, to transform the Selling Partner experience. We are open to hiring candidates to work out of one of the following locations: Denver, CO, USA | Seattle, WA, USA
US, WA, Seattle
Amazon is investing heavily in building a world class advertising business and developing a collection of self-service performance advertising products that drive discovery and sales. Our products are strategically important to our Retail and Marketplace businesses for driving long-term growth. We deliver billions of ad impressions and millions of clicks daily and are breaking fresh ground to create world-class products. We are highly motivated, collaborative and fun-loving with an entrepreneurial spirit and bias for action. With a broad mandate to experiment and innovate, we are growing at an unprecedented rate with a seemingly endless range of new opportunities. Key job responsibilities Search Supply and Experiences, within Sponsored Products, is seeking a Senior Data Scientist to join a fast growing team with the mandate of creating new ads experience that elevates the shopping experience for our hundreds of millions customers worldwide. We are looking for a top analytical mind capable of understanding our complex ecosystem of advertisers participating in a pay-per-click model– and leveraging this knowledge to help turn the flywheel of the business. As a Senior Data Scientist on this team you will: - Lead Data Science solutions from beginning to end. - Deliver with independence on challenging large-scale problems with ambiguity. - Manage and drive the technical and analytical aspects of Advertiser segmentation; continually advance approach and methods. - Write code (Python, R, Scala, etc.) to analyze data and build statistical models to solve specific business problems - Retrieve, synthesize, and present critical data in a format that is immediately useful to answering specific questions or improving system performance. - Analyze historical data to identify trends and support decision making. - Improve upon existing methodologies by developing new data sources, testing model enhancements, and fine-tuning model parameters. - Provide requirements to develop analytic capabilities, platforms, and pipelines. - Apply statistical and machine learning knowledge to specific business problems and data. - Formalize assumptions about how our systems should work, create statistical definitions of outliers, and develop methods to systematically identify outliers. Work out why such examples are outliers and define if any actions needed. - Given anecdotes about anomalies or generate automatic scripts to define anomalies, deep dive to explain why they happen, and identify fixes. - Build decision-making models and propose solution for the business problem you defined - Conduct written and verbal presentation to share insights and recommendations to audiences of varying levels of technical sophistication. - Write code (python or another object-oriented language) for data analyzing and modeling algorithms. A day in the life The Senior Data Scientist will have the opportunity to use one of the world's largest eCommerce and advertising data sets to influence the evolution of our products. This role requires an individual with excellent business, communication, and technical skills, enabling collaboration with various functions, including product managers, software engineers, economists and data scientists, as well as senior leadership. This role will create and enhance performance monitoring reports to find insights that product and business team should focus on. The successful candidate will be a self-starter comfortable with ambiguity, with strong attention to detail, and with an ability to work in a fast-paced, high-energy and ever-changing environment. The drive and capability to shape the direction is a must. This role will influence the direction of the business by leveraging our data to deliver insights that drive decisions and actions. The role will involve translating broad business problems into specific analytics projects, conducting deep quantitative analyses, and communicating results effectively. The role will help the organization identify, evaluate, and evangelize new techniques and tools to continue to improve our ability to deliver value to Amazon’s customers. About the team We are a customer-obsessed team of engineers, technologists, product leaders, and scientists. We are focused on continuous exploration of contexts and creatives where advertising delivers value to customers and advertisers. We specifically work on new ads experiences globally with the goal of helping shoppers make the most informed purchase decision. We obsess about our customers and we are continuously innovating on their behalf to enrich their shopping experience on Amazon We are open to hiring candidates to work out of one of the following locations: Seattle, WA, USA