Headshots of female Amazon scientists participating in the Grace Hopper Conference.
Amazon scientists (from top left) Kristine Brown, Laura De Lorenzo, Yang Liu, Hannah Marlowe, Nina Mishra, Candace Thille, and Chao Wang provide their perspectives on what it will take to attract more women to pursue STEM careers.
Credit: Stacy Reilly

Seeds of inspiration

Given the recent death of US Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and with the Grace Hopper Celebration taking place this week, we asked Amazon women scientists what it will take to attract more women to pursue STEM careers.

The AnitaB.org Grace Hopper Celebration, an event honoring Grace Hopper’s legacy by inspiring future generations of women to pursue careers in technology, takes place this week, as it has every year since 1994. Amazon is a Diamond sponsor of this year’s event.

Unlike previous years, though, this year’s celebration, which AnitaB.org produces in partnership with the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), will be held virtually given restrictions related to COVID-19.  What hasn’t changed is the vision of AnitaB.org: a future “where the people who imagine and build technology mirror the people and societies for whom they build it.”

Based on the latest statistics from the National Center for Women & Information Technology, that future is still on the horizon. While 57 percent of US professional jobs were held by women in 2019, just 26% of professional computing jobs were occupied by women. Among the 26% of women occupying professional computing jobs, 7% were Asian women, 3% Black women, and 2% Hispanic women.

Elizabeth Nieto, Amazon’s head of global diversity and inclusion, says the company’s vision is to create a culture where the best builders, including women from all backgrounds, want to work and stay at Amazon “because they are drawn to our mission, our culture, and our leaders. We are focused on being globally inclusive and creating a culture at Amazon where everyone can reach their full potential.”

At last year’s event, Brenda Darden Wilkerson, president and CEO of AnitaB.org, told nearly 25,000 attendees, “I want our daughters to say, ‘I heard back in the day there was this problem that there weren’t enough women in tech.  What was that like?’”

In advance of this week's conference, Amazon Science asked some of the company’s women scientists when they think the industry will reach that goal, what it will take to get there, and who or what most inspired them to pursue their science careers.  Below are their responses.

Kristine Brown is a principal economist within Amazon’s human resources organization. She obtained her PhD in economics from the University of California, Berkeley.

Kristine Brown
Kristine Brown

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

At Amazon, I learned the importance of continuous inspection to identify opportunities for improvement, and to adapt to a shifting environment. I think the same applies here; the task of deliberately creating opportunities for others, and removing barriers to shape a more equitable and inclusive workplace will evolve over time, but it doesn’t have an end date.

Q. What will it take to get there?

The demand for science and tech talent is increasing in the traditional technology sector and in other industries that are leveraging new technologies and data to provide better services and products. The door is wide open, but you can’t walk in if you don’t know it exists, or how to get there. For me, early exposure and encouragement to explore science and math were critical. I discovered a passion for physics and that interest pushed me to develop my math and science skills. I was lucky to have this opportunity. Casting a wider net to provide early, low stakes opportunities to engage in science and tech activities, develop STEM skills, and learn about the diversity of work in this space, will help demystify the technology industry. It will also allow kids and young adults to learn whether it matches their interests and whether they have a knack for it.

Q. Who or what inspired you most to pursue your STEM career?

My fascination with the natural world was fueled by observing wildlife, peering through an observatory telescope at distant planets, and nature magazines with beautiful photos. The mind-bending questions of space and time were especially irresistible; I wanted the answers to the universe, and physics and math were the key to finding them. Later, as I became interested in understanding human behavior (which I’d argue is no less mysterious) and how government policies could improve lives, I found economics came with a familiar toolkit of mathematical modeling and scientific testing to answer these questions. I saw a career in economics as an opportunity to leverage my strengths to drive positive change.

Laura De Lorenzo is a quantum computing research scientist within the Amazon Web Services organization. She earned her PhD in applied physics from the California Institute of Technology (CalTech).

Laura De Lorenzo
Laura De Lorenzo

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

To be honest, I'm so uncertain as to be unwilling to hazard a guess, but I do think it is a long way off. In some STEM fields, such as medicine, the gender gap has nearly, or completely, closed within the past 50 years. In other fields, the percentage of women (measured by employment or educational degree) remains far below 50% and doesn't appear to be changing significantly year over year. The amount of progress in some fields is encouraging, but it's difficult to understand why fields like physics and computer science lag behind.  

Q. What will it take to get there?

This issue is clearly challenging and multi-faceted, so I cannot offer a single simple solution. However, I think one important aspect is a focus on young women, in the middle school to high school age group. For example, women are already underrepresented in the high school AP physics examinations. By the time students reach the undergraduate level, only about 20% of physics majors are female. I think it is essential to understand why young women make these choices. Is it a lack of role models, or self-doubt about their ability to perform well in science, or peer pressure, or something else entirely?  In the meantime, I think it is important to offer encouragement and support to young students because once women drop out of the STEM fields, it is more difficult for them to return at a later age.

Q. Who or what inspired you most to pursue your STEM career?

From a young age, my parents were always supportive of my interests in science and math, and of my career in general. My mother went to medical school in the late ‘70s, when women represented only about 20% of medical students in the US.  I always saw her as strong, hard-working, and independent, and she was a great example for me to follow. Both of my parents had high expectations for me and would never allow me to perform at less than my best. I definitely owe the largest debt of gratitude to them. However, programs such as Science Olympiad and the Pennsylvania Governor's School for Science (a five-week program for rising high school seniors), also helped me by introducing me to a peer group with similar interests, and to a larger group of role models and mentors who could help me navigate the next step.

Yang Liu is a principal scientist within the Alexa AI organization. She earned her PhD in electrical and computer engineering from Purdue University.

Yang Liu
Yang Liu

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

Maybe in another generation. My daughter is in first grade now. I’m hopeful we can reach that day when she finishes high school, and is choosing a college major or planning a career in STEM or the technology industry.

Q. What will it take to get there?

It will require effort from everyone in society, including educators, students, parents, and policy makers. Starting from kindergarten through high school, young girls and women need support and encouragement from parents and teachers to realize their potential and get excited by STEM careers; educators need to nurture girls’ interest in STEM and create an environment to help them do well in these subjects; and policy makers need to provide appropriate and adequate resources for teachers and students. As Hillary Clinton has written and said, it will take a village for society to address existing biases and prejudices. But with everyone’s effort, I’m confident we can get there by the time my daughter is entering the workforce.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

Mostly just people around me — my family, teachers from elementary schools all the way up to universities, and an overall supportive environment, including friends and peers. I grew up in China. My mom was a math teacher, and I did well in math starting in elementary school. All I got from everyone around me was support, respect, and encouragement to continue to excel in this subject. I never encountered an attitude like “girls are not good at math (or other science subjects) or don’t need to do well in math”. I made many friends (girls and boys) in schools, and was never left out because I did better than others in science. Reflecting on this, there’s no doubt I benefited from that supportive environment, leading to my future career in STEM. I don’t know for sure if there is a difference between China and US; I don’t have enough sample to draw a conclusion. I’m not even sure if there’s been a generational change within China. What I can say is that I would encourage girls and young women to pursue STEM careers.  The subjects themselves are fascinating. Right now I’m working within the Alexa organization on making computers and other devices “intelligent” by recognizing speech and understanding human language. The work is challenging, interesting, and it’s great to see how Alexa can have a positive impact on the lives of our customers. 

Hannah Marlowe is a senior data scientist within the AWS Worldwide Public Sector Professional Services Data and Machine Learning team. She earned her PhD in physics from the University of Iowa, specializing in the study of astronomical X-ray sources and space-borne instrumentation development.

Hannah Marlowe
Hannah Marlowe

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

The university building where I completed my PhD was an interesting time-capsule to observe some of the progress of women in physics and astronomy. The eight-level physics building, built in the ‘60s, originally featured only men’s restrooms apart from one. The lone women’s restroom was located across the hall from the administration office and included an attached kitchen (still there today), presumably so that secretaries working in the office could prepare meals during the work day. In years since, they have thankfully adjusted the restroom situation, but the basement where my team’s lab was located still only had a men’s room and it was always an interesting reminder of that past.

Today, the thought of designing a building with facilities only for men (much less a public university building) seems completely ridiculous, but it wasn’t so long ago that it apparently made practical sense. We are standing on the shoulders of giants like Ruth Bader Ginsburg and other advocates of gender equality who paved the way for the participation of women in traditionally male-dominated fields and shifted public perception of what women can and should do. It is my hope that we continue to build on the work they championed, but it will take a concerted effort. I don’t have a good answer for when I think we will get to the point that gender disparity in STEM fields is a distant memory. However, I have seen positive changes and witnessed shifts over my own career (not limited to restroom design choices) that make me optimistic that we can get there eventually.

Q. What will it take to get there?

I don’t believe there is any one right answer, but one of the most important things is making it clear to young girls and women that they belong and add value in STEM. I think people tend to gravitate to careers and roles that they have exposure to, and where they see role models that look like themselves. The other piece is not just encouraging girls and women to explore STEM, but expecting it and treating it like a normal career path versus an exceptional one. That is not to say we should be pushing girls to pursue something they aren’t interested in, but I hope that we get to a point where girls pursuing STEM seems completely boring and commonplace. That gets easier as more women enter STEM fields, and I think there is probably a tipping point where women and girls just naturally begin to gravitate in larger numbers to these fields. As a practical matter, we should also be equipping girls with all of the skills and tools that will make them successful in these fields from a young age. Anyone who isn’t exposed to math and science early is going to have to play catch-up later on, and may question their own abilities when they compare themselves to peers who have been in advanced math and science tracks throughout grade school.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

I feel extremely fortunate that I have mainly been able to follow my interests and what I found to be fun and personally challenging throughout school and my career so far. I also had many great influences and mentors in my life that helped me along my path. From an early age my father used to point out constellations in the sky and took my sister and me to observe comets and space shuttle launches. Once I got to high school, I had a wonderful retired NASA engineer as a physics teacher who introduced me to physics and to Carl Sagan and helped us start the first astronomy club at our school. For my undergraduate education, I chose a small women’s liberal arts college, Agnes Scott College, that had its own observatory and offered an astrophysics degree. At Agnes, I had excellent professors and the unique experience of having all of my STEM peers be women. I think that experience especially helped inoculate me for the future where I’ve more often found myself the only women in large lab groups, collaborations, and professional teams.

The last thing I would like to mention here, because I think it is really important and something I have often struggled with, is the issue of self-doubt. Self-doubt and imposter syndrome are definitely not limited to women in STEM fields, but I think being the only one around who looks like you can contribute to those feelings, and can push people away who have wonderful things to add to these fields. I have so often questioned myself and my worthiness, intelligence, and value (did I really earn that award/fellowship/job offer or was I selected just because I am a women/was in the right place at the right time/completely by mistake?). It was really important for me to know that I was not alone in doubting myself and my capabilities and I am grateful to colleagues and mentors, men and women alike, who shared their own experiences with self-doubt and imposter syndrome along the way. I’ll always remember my wonderful, brilliant, and inspiring undergraduate professor telling me about her own struggles in graduate school, and that one of the reasons she became a professor was to show us that “if she could do it, any of us could.”

Nina Mishra is a principal scientist Amazon’s Health and Wellness organization. She earned her PhD in computer science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Nina Mishra
Nina Mishra

Q. When do you think we’ll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

While computer science has had a gender gap since its inception, I was convinced early on that a trifling matter like gender difference would self-correct. I was wrong. According to a 2019 Taulbee survey, 80% of PhDs are awarded to men and 20% to women. Back in 2001, the split was 78%/22% -- essentially unchanged after 18 years. The problem is not likely to improve in the next five years since the 80/20 gap persists in 2019 at the computer science bachelor’s degree level. Beyond gender gap, there is a gaping wide race gap. In 2019, less than 1% of PhDs were awarded to Black or African-American students; in 2001 this number was 1.3% -- again, essentially the same.  This gap persists early in the education pipeline.  For example, while Atlanta’s population is more than 50% black, only 3 Black students are enrolled in advanced placement computer science courses in local public high schools -- that is 3 out of 528,000! Narrowing this gap is critical for the technology industry. Companies do not want the lack of diversity in their workforce to perpetuate into their products. When will we reach that day? When we change the computer-science culture to welcome and embrace differences. 

My hope, adapting the words of others, is that the arc of social justice is long, but bends towards equality.
Nina Mishra

Q. What will it take to get there?

We cannot reach parity until we overturn the presumption that women hold different roles than men. Until we eliminate the idea that there are ‘girls’ disciplines’ and ‘boys’ disciplines’, and slights such as asking a woman in a meeting if she’s a secretary, or if she can get water for the meeting, it will be difficult to make progress.  Derogatory comments like these contribute to the ‘million cuts’ that women experience and can ultimately lead people to pursue careers where they are more wanted. I’m surprised that people are still hung up on these role associations, but the concern is real and people like Ruth Bader Ginsberg fought their entire career to overturn them. My hope, adapting the words of others, is that the arc of social justice is long, but bends towards equality.

Beyond reaching parity, underrepresented groups need to be seen and more prominently heard. All people have amazing ideas, but I have repeatedly seen ideas from underrepresented groups diminished and even discarded. When such ideas later resurface with the ownership transferred to someone in an overrepresented group, the process is demoralizing and influences people to find alternate careers. These injustices need to be reported and escalated to higher levels. The problem can only be fixed if we have an active dialogue starting from a young age.

Accessibility of resources is a consideration in some parts of the country. There are still households where students do not have a computer and others where a single computer is shared among many family members. There are households that do not have internet access. And, there are parts of the country where computer science classes and teachers aren’t available to students. People cannot choose a computer science career if they are missing these simple, starter ingredients.

Outreach is another area where we can do more. Students may wonder, `What will I do if I have a career in STEM?’. Everyone knows what a medical degree or a law degree leads to career-wise, but what does a computer science degree lead to? The common misperception is of macho geeks cranking out tons of code. For me, it is about finding ways to use data collected about some people to help millions more. It is about the amazing predictions that machine learning can make. The way that smartwatches can detect heart arrhythmias and search engines connect people to information is rooted in data and machine learning. Writing code is a means to that end. Novel and crazy ideas are what push the field forward. A more concerted effort is needed to communicate this to young students.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

My mother played a huge role early in life. She has a gift for explaining mathematical concepts. She taught math at a community college and also a prison. Later on, my high school math teacher played a large role. She forced students to walk to the board and write/explain their solutions. It was an early peek into the clarity one achieves by teaching their solution to others. Both taught me the precision and beauty of math. Both insisted on exacting standards for the highest quality of work. My father taught me to be bold. He has a PhD in inorganic chemistry and emphasized scientific innovation. To this day, he shares articles with the latest and greatest scientific findings, always pushing me to aim higher.

Candace Thille is director of learning science within Amazon’s Global Learning and Development organization. She obtained her master’s degree in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University and earned her PhD in education from the University of Pennsylvania.

Candace Thille
Candace Thille

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

I am going to change the question to respond to what I wish Brenda Darden Wilkerson had said: “I want our sons to say ‘I heard back in the day there was this problem that there weren’t enough women in tech. What was that like?” I do not mean to imply that the quote needs to be changed because the problem is only important if it is acknowledged by our sons, but rather that the problem will only be corrected when the problem, and the responsibility for correcting it, is owned by our sons too, not just our daughters.  When will we reach that day?  When gender is no longer seen as a feature of an individual that is relevant for encouraging, allocating, or selecting roles and responsibilities.

Q. What will it take to get there? 

First, an acknowledgement that the current systems and structures in STEM fields are grounded in the idea that gender and race are features of an individual that are relevant for encouraging, allocating, or selecting roles and responsibilities. Second, a commitment to ongoing inspection of those systems and structures for biases in order to change them. People would sometimes ask Ruth Bader Ginsberg “When will there be enough women on the court” and she would reply, “When there are nine”.  She would say then that “People are shocked, but there’d been nine men, and nobody’s ever raised a question about that”.  

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

I have always been fascinated with how things work, both for the joy of understanding and to figure out how to make things work better. I have been awed by the discoveries that come from good research, and from the positive impact of using the results from research to make the world better. Both as an academic researcher and as a research scientist at Amazon, I situate my work in Pasteur's quadrant and work on projects that seek fundamental understanding of scientific problems, while also having immediate use for society.

Chao Wang is a senior applied science manager within the Alexa organization. She earned her PhD in electrical engineering and computer science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Chao Wang
Chao Wang

Q. When do you think we'll reach that day that Brenda Wilkerson talked about last year?

I’m reminded of the Bill Gates quote, “We always overestimate the change that will occur in the next two years, and underestimate the change that will occur in the next ten. Don’t let yourself be lulled into inaction.” I’d like to think we could reach that state within the next 10 years, but it will probably take another generation of change. So I think closer to 2050.

Q. What will it take to get there?

I’ll share a very different perspective. I grew up in China and the education system back then made everyone decide their major in sophomore year of high school. That system channeled students to different college entrance exams depending on the choice (so your career paths are largely determined very early on). It was a 5:2 split ratio for STEM and non-STEM (probably matching the college admission ratio), and naturally only students who were really interested in a non-STEM career path self-selected into that track. The majority chose STEM. At the time, I did notice that more female students chose the non-STEM track, but plenty of us ended up in the STEM track, too (strength in numbers). I have observed that in the US, if you are ambivalent about STEM, then the gender stereotype works against young women pursuing STEM careers. I contrast that with the early days of computing in the US, when computer programmer was considered a female job, and you had a lot of female programmers in an otherwise male dominant technology industry and computing pioneers like Dr. Grace Hopper. It all changed (for the worse) within a generation, and we can change it back with the right societal mental shift.

Q. Who or what most inspired you to pursue your STEM career?

Growing up in China I never felt that STEM was somehow an unusual choice for a young woman. Math and physics were always my favorite subjects, and no one ever discouraged me from pursuing those interests. I enjoyed the problem solving of math and physics much more than courses requiring writing or memorization. I opted for the STEM track in high school and was admitted into a top engineering school in China for my undergraduate studies. My career path was more or less decided from that point in time.

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Job summaryAWS AI/ML is looking for world class scientists and engineers to join its AI Research and Education group working on building automated ML solutions for planetary-scale sustainability and geospatial applications. Our team's mission is to develop ready-to-use and automated solutions that solve important sustainability and geospatial problems. We live in a time wherein geospatial data, such as climate, agricultural crop yield, weather, landcover, etc., has become ubiquitous. Cloud computing has made it easy to gather and process the data that describes the earth system and are generated by satellites, mobile devices, and IoT devices. Our vision is to bring the best ML/AI algorithms to solve practical environmental and sustainability-related R&D problems at scale. Building these solutions require a solid foundation in machine learning infrastructure and deep learning technologies. The team specializes in developing popular open source software libraries like AutoGluon, GluonCV, GluonNLP, DGL, Apache/MXNet (incubating). Our strategy is to bring the best of ML based automation to the geospatial and sustainability area.We are seeking an experienced Applied Scientist for the team. This is a role that combines science knowledge (around machine learning, computer vision, earth science), technical strength, and product focus. It will be your job to develop ML system and solutions and work closely with the engineering team to ship them to our customers. You will interact closely with our customers and with the academic and research communities. You will be at the heart of a growing and exciting focus area for AWS and work with other acclaimed engineers and world famous scientists. You are also expected to work closely with other applied scientists and demonstrate Amazon Leadership Principles (https://www.amazon.jobs/en/principles). Strong technical skills and experience with machine learning and computer vision are required. Experience working with earth science, mapping, and geospatial data is a plus. Our customers are extremely technical and the solutions we build for them are strongly coupled to technical feasibility.About the teamInclusive Team CultureAt AWS, we embrace our differences. We are committed to furthering our culture of inclusion. We have ten employee-led affinity groups, reaching 40,000 employees in over 190 chapters globally. We have innovative benefit offerings, and host annual and ongoing learning experiences, including our Conversations on Race and Ethnicity (CORE) and AmazeCon (gender diversity) conferences. Amazon’s culture of inclusion is reinforced within our 14 Leadership Principles, which remind team members to seek diverse perspectives, learn and be curious, and earn trust. Work/Life BalanceOur team puts a high value on work-life balance. It isn’t about how many hours you spend at home or at work; it’s about the flow you establish that brings energy to both parts of your life. We believe striking the right balance between your personal and professional life is critical to life-long happiness and fulfillment. We offer flexibility in working hours and encourage you to find your own balance between your work and personal lives.Mentorship & Career GrowthOur team is dedicated to supporting new members. We have a broad mix of experience levels and tenures, and we’re building an environment that celebrates knowledge sharing and mentorship. Our senior members enjoy one-on-one mentoring. We care about your career growth and strive to assign projects based on what will help each team member develop into a better-rounded scientist and enable them to take on more complex tasks in the future.Interested in this role? Reach out to the recruiting team with questions or apply directly via amazon.jobs.
US, WA, Seattle
Job summaryHow can we create a rich, data-driven shopping experience on Amazon? How do we build data models that helps us innovate different ways to enhance customer experience? How do we combine the world's greatest online shopping dataset with Amazon's computing power to create models that deeply understand our customers? Recommendations at Amazon is a way to help customers discover products. Our team's stated mission is to "grow each customer’s relationship with Amazon by leveraging our deep understanding of them to provide relevant and timely product, program, and content recommendations". We strive to better understand how customers shop on Amazon (and elsewhere) and build recommendations models to streamline customers' shopping experience by showing the right products at the right time. Understanding the complexities of customers' shopping needs and helping them explore the depth and breadth of Amazon's catalog is a challenge we take on every day. Using Amazon’s large-scale computing resources you will ask research questions about customer behavior, build models to generate recommendations, and run these models directly on the retail website. You will participate in the Amazon ML community and mentor Applied Scientists and software development engineers with a strong interest in and knowledge of ML. Your work will directly benefit customers and the retail business and you will measure the impact using scientific tools. We are looking for passionate, hard-working, and talented Applied scientist who have experience building mission critical, high volume applications that customers love. You will have an enormous opportunity to make a large impact on the design, architecture, and implementation of cutting edge products used every day, by people you know.Key job responsibilitiesScaling state of the art techniques to Amazon-scaleWorking independently and collaborating with SDEs to deploy models to productionDeveloping long-term roadmaps for the team's scientific agendaDesigning experiments to measure business impact of the team's effortsMentoring scientists in the departmentContributing back to the machine learning science community
US, NY, New York
Job summaryAmazon Web Services is looking for world class scientists to join the Security Analytics and AI Research team within AWS Security Services. This group is entrusted with researching and developing core data mining and machine learning algorithms for various AWS security services like GuardDuty (https://aws.amazon.com/guardduty/) and Macie (https://aws.amazon.com/macie/). In this group, you will invent and implement innovative solutions for never-before-solved problems. If you have passion for security and experience with large scale machine learning problems, this will be an exciting opportunity.The AWS Security Services team builds technologies that help customers strengthen their security posture and better meet security requirements in the AWS Cloud. The team interacts with security researchers to codify our own learnings and best practices and make them available for customers. We are building massively scalable and globally distributed security systems to power next generation services.Inclusive Team Culture Here at AWS, we embrace our differences. We are committed to furthering our culture of inclusion. We have ten employee-led affinity groups, reaching 40,000 employees in over 190 chapters globally. We have innovative benefit offerings, and host annual and ongoing learning experiences, including our Conversations on Race and Ethnicity (CORE) and AmazeCon (gender diversity) conferences. Amazon’s culture of inclusion is reinforced within our 14 Leadership Principles, which remind team members to seek diverse perspectives, learn and be curious, and earn trust. Work/Life Balance Our team puts a high value on work-life balance. It isn’t about how many hours you spend at home or at work; it’s about the flow you establish that brings energy to both parts of your life. We believe striking the right balance between your personal and professional life is critical to life-long happiness and fulfillment. We offer flexibility in working hours and encourage you to find your own balance between your work and personal lives. Mentorship & Career Growth Our team is dedicated to supporting new members. We have a broad mix of experience levels and tenures, and we’re building an environment that celebrates knowledge sharing and mentorship. We care about your career growth and strive to assign projects based on what will help each team member develop and enable them to take on more complex tasks in the future.A day in the lifeAbout the hiring groupJob responsibilities* Rapidly design, prototype and test many possible hypotheses in a high-ambiguity environment, making use of both quantitative and business judgment.* Collaborate with software engineering teams to integrate successful experiments into large scale, highly complex production services.* Report results in a scientifically rigorous way.* Interact with security engineers, product managers and related domain experts to dive deep into the types of challenges that we need innovative solutions for.
US, NY, New York
Job summaryAmazon Advertising is one of Amazon's fastest growing and most profitable businesses, responsible for defining and delivering a collection of advertising products that drive discovery and sales. Our products and solutions are strategically important to enable our Retail and Marketplace businesses to drive long-term growth. We deliver billions of ad impressions and millions of clicks and break fresh ground in product and technical innovations every day!The Advertising Identity Program (AIP) identifies traffic across all devices, websites and apps. We maintain identity graphs that enable us to identify custom audiences and/or Amazon users/sessions across devices and browsers. We enable use cases for Amazon DSP like targeting, audience matching, re-marketing, attribution, frequency capping, traffic quality, regulatory and privacy compliance. As a Data Scientist on this team you will: Develop Data Science solutions from beginning to end.Deliver with independence on challenging large-scale problems with complexity and ambiguity.Write code (Python, R, Scala, SQL, etc.) to obtain, manipulate, and analyze data.Build Machine Learning and statistical models to solve specific business problems.Retrieve, synthesize, and present critical data in a format that is immediately useful to answering specific questions or improving system performance.Analyze historical data to identify trends and support optimal decision making.Apply statistical and machine learning knowledge to specific business problems and data.Formalize assumptions about how our systems should work, create statistical definitions of outliers, and develop methods to systematically identify outliers. Work out why such examples are outliers and define if any actions needed.Given anecdotes about anomalies or generate automatic scripts to define anomalies, deep dive to explain why they happen, and identify fixes.Build decision-making models and propose effective solutions for the business problems you define.Conduct written and verbal presentations to share insights to audiences of varying levels of technical sophistication.Why you will love this opportunity: Amazon has invested heavily in building a world-class advertising business. This team defines and delivers a collection of advertising products that drive discovery and sales. Our solutions generate billions in revenue and drive long-term growth for Amazon’s Retail and Marketplace businesses. We deliver billions of ad impressions, millions of clicks daily, and break fresh ground to create world-class products. We are a highly motivated, collaborative, and fun-loving team with an entrepreneurial spirit - with a broad mandate to experiment and innovate.Impact and Career Growth: You will invent new experiences and influence customer-facing shopping experiences to help suppliers grow their retail business and the auction dynamics that leverage native advertising; this is your opportunity to work within the fastest-growing businesses across all of Amazon! Define a long-term science vision for our advertising business, driven from our customers' needs, translating that direction into specific plans for research and applied scientists, as well as engineering and product teams. This role combines science leadership, organizational ability, technical strength, product focus, and business understanding.Team video ~ https://youtu.be/zD_6Lzw8raE A day in the lifeYou will work collaboratively both within and outside of the Advertising team. As a Software Engineer, you would spend most of your time architecting, designing and coding and the rest in collaboration and discussion. Since we are now working remotely, we also like to have fun by taking time to celebrate each other and to spend time with happy hours. About the teamJoining this team, you’ll experience the benefits of working in a dynamic, fast-paced environment, while leveraging the resources of Amazon.com (AMZN), one of the world's leading Internet companies. We provide a highly customer-centric, team-oriented environment.AdTech Identity Program (AIP) team is spearheading innovation for the existential challenge in AdTech today: The need for reliably establishing customer identity in a IDless world without 3P cookies or Device identifiers.
CA, BC, Vancouver
Job summary Amazon Brand Protection organization focuses on building trust with all brands by accurately representing and completely protecting their brands on Amazon. We strive to be the most trusted thought leader in the space and ensure that public perception mirrors the trustworthy experience we deliver. The Brand Protection machine learning (ML) team is responsible to provide data driven long term strategies and solutions. The team is responsible to develop the state of art ML algorithms to ensure each product is brand authentic and to ensure no abuse or infringements on any brands. The ML team faces the challenges to work with huge amount of structured and unstructured data including images and product descriptions and to develop ML solutions that can scale to protect millions of brands and billions of products worldwide. The team also faces the challenge to fast update our ML systems to stay ahead of bad actors who constantly circumvent our algorithms. If you are excited at these responsibilities and challenges and if you love data and machine learning, we have a position for you. We are looking for a strong manager to manage the ML science team in Vancouver. As the manager, you will hire and develop ML talents. You will design long terms plans and define SMART goals. You will build roadmaps to achieve team’s vision and goals. You will lead the ML directions. You will lead roadmap and plan executions. You will be able to deep dive and guide your team both in directions and in details. You understand ML cycles and advocate ML best practices. You will keep abreast with new ML technologies. Major responsibilities:Work with business/tech teams to identify opportunities, design solution, implement and monitor ML models.Understand business challenges by analyzing data and customer feedbackGuide team members on model building strategies and model experiment, implementation, measurement and continuous improvementBuild and manage team roadmapsCreate long term plans to address complicated business problems at scale using MLDeep dive to provide business insightsCreate business and analytics reports and present to the senior management teamsLead research and implement novel machine learning and statistical approaches
US, WA, Bellevue
Job summaryAre you passionate about leveraging your data science and machine learning skills to make an impact at scale? Do you enjoy developing innovative algorithms, optimization and predictive models to generate recommendations that will be used by automated systems to drive hundreds of millions of impact on Amazon Retail's cash flow? If these questions get you excited, we definitely want to hear from you. Strategic Sourcing team, as part of Amazon Supply Chain Optimization and Technology organization, is seeking an experienced and motivated Data Science leader. Strategic Sourcing team owns systems that are designed to: 1) reduce end to end costs from inbound supply chain and (2) improve vendor performance. Some of the key decisions that these systems make: when and if we should source a product (e.g. is the product obsolete or temporarily unavailable); from which vendor and at what cost we should source an ASIN; what is the ideal supply chain setup (e.g. Pallet, Truckload, Vendor Initiated PO, etc.) for an ASIN/vendor; when should vendor ship/deliver inventory to Amazon FCs; which inbound lanes – vendor warehouse to Amazon FC – should have pre-allocated transportation with how many shipments; when should we penalize vendors for defects/infractions through chargebacks and by how much. Together these set of decisions and systems work together to ensure Amazon’s inventory needs are met on time and in the most efficient way. We develop sophisticated algorithms that involve learning from large amounts of data from diverse sources such Vendors, Transportation carriers, Amazon warehouses etc. Key job responsibilitiesAs the Data Science Senior Manager on this team, you will: • Lead of team of scientists on solving science problems with a high degree of complexity and ambiguity • Develop science roadmaps, run annual planning, and foster cross-team collaboration to execute complex projects • Perform hands-on data analysis, build machine-learning models, run regular A/B tests, and communicate the impact to senior management • Hire and develop top talent, provide technical and career development guidance to scientists and engineers in the organization • Analyze historical data to identify trends and support optimal decision making • Apply statistical and machine learning knowledge to specific business problems and data • Formalize assumptions about how our systems should work, create statistical definitions of outliers, and develop methods to systematically identify outliers. Work out why such examples are outliers and define if any actions needed
CA, ON, Toronto
Job summaryThe Customer Behavior Analytics (CBA) organization owns Amazon’s insights pipeline from data collection to deep analytics. We aspire to be the place where Amazon teams come for answers, a trusted source for data and insights that empower our systems and business leaders to make better decisions. Our outputs shape Amazons marketing teams’ decisions and thus how Amazon customers see, use, and value their experience.CMO (Campaign measurement and Optimization) team within CBA org's mission is to make Amazon’s marketing the most measurably effective in the world. Our long-term objective is to measure the incremental impact of all Amazon’s marketing investments on consumer perceptions, actions, and sales. This requires measuring Amazon’s marketing comparably and consistently across channels, business teams and countries using a comprehensive approach that integrates all Paid, Owned and Earned marketing activity. As the experts on marketing performance, we will lead the Amazon worldwide marketing community by providing critical global insights that can power marketing best practices and tenets globally.Are you passionate about Deep Learning, Causal Inference, and Big Data Systems? Interested in building new state-of-the-art measurement products at petabyte scale? Be part of a team of industry leading experts that operates one of the largest big data and machine learning stacks at Amazon. Amazon is leveraging its highly unique data and applying the latest machine learning and big data technologies to change the way marketers optimize their advertising spend. Our campaign measurement and reporting systems apply these technologies on many billions of events in near real time.You'll be one of the lead scientists tackling some of the hardest problems in advertising; measuring ads incrementality, providing estimated counterfactuals and predicting the success of advertising strategies for omni-channel campaign measurement. Working with a cross-functional team of product managers, program managers, economists and engineers you will develop state of the art causal learning, deep learning, and predictive techniques to help marketers understand the performance of their omni-channel campaigns and optimize their spends.Some things you'll do in this role:Lead full life-cycle Data Science solutions from beginning to end.Deliver with independence on challenging large-scale problems with complexity and ambiguity.Write code (Python, R, Scala, SQL, etc.) to obtain, manipulate, and analyze data.Build Machine Learning and statistical models to solve specific business problems.Retrieve, synthesize, and present critical data in a format that is immediately useful to answering specific questions or improving system performance.Analyze historical data to identify trends and support optimal decision making.Apply statistical and machine learning knowledge to specific business problems and data.Formalize assumptions about how our systems should work, create statistical definitions of outliers, and develop methods to systematically identify outliers. Work out why such examples are outliers and define if any actions needed.Given anecdotes about anomalies or generate automatic scripts to define anomalies, deep dive to explain why they happen, and identify fixes.Build decision-making models and propose effective solutions for the business problems you define.Conduct written and verbal presentations to share insights to audiences of varying levels of technical sophistication.Impact and Career Growth: You will invent solutions that can make billion dollar impact for Amazon as an advertiser. Define a long-term science vision for our business, driven from our customers' needs, translating that direction into specific plans for research and applied scientists, as well as engineering and product teams. This role combines science leadership, organizational ability, technical strength, product focus, and business understanding.This position is based in Irvine, San Francisco, Sunnyvale, San Jose or Seattle. Key job responsibilitiesDive deep into petabyte-scale data to drive insights, identify machine-learning modeling gaps and business opportunitiesEstablish scalable, efficient, automated processes for large-scale data analysisRun regular A/B experiments, gather data, and perform statistical analysisWork with scientists, engineers and product partners to develop new machine learning approaches, and monetization strategiesConduct written and verbal presentation to share insights and recommendations to audiences of varying levels of technical sophistication